July 3, 2020 | by | @BatDigest
We spent hours looking through scientific journals (it is the offseason after all). We looked for scientifically proven ways to hit more home runs. We found five.
These ideas of hitting more homers are not our ideas. The following five ways to hit more home runs are not devices. They aren’t specialty bats or premier access to training techniques. Instead, these are processes and plans that are proven to increase the distance you hit a ball found in academic journals. And, unlike most things in the pseudo-science of baseball training aids, they are established.
As well, they aren’t visible. That is, the ideas we found in scientific journals to hit the ball further aren’t: Swing the Bat Harder. That’s obvious enough. But, more like an answer to these questions.
With all that said, let’s dive into the top 5 ways science says you can hit more home runs this coming year.
Conventional wisdom, and your coach, suggests that if you can square up a fastball, you can hit it further than a curveball. It is, after all, going faster. And if you can square it up, then you’ll hit it also than any curve, right?
But, turns out, science and the data says otherwise.
Professor Hubbard used some high tech equipment to measure the flight path of balls hit from curves. The spinning nature of a curveball off the bat gave the ball more lift. You can read more about the physics in the Journal of Physics here, or the Wall Street Journals take here. But, to put it simply, a batted curve ball ALREADY has backspin. To give a fastball backspin, you need to hit it more squarely. Yet, curveballs natural backspin on a hit give it more lift and, potentially, a better chance to get out of the park.
As professor Hubbard who analyzed the data, pointed out, “The well-hit curve ball heads for the field with more of the kind of spin that gives it fence-clearing lift and distance.”
The only real trick to hitting a curveball is practice. If you have access to a three-wheel machine or a dad who can spin it, then don’t forget to add curve ball practice to your BP repetition.
Some Other Tricks:
Here is another not well-known principle of warming up. One that MLB players break all the time. A heavier bat, or a bat weight in the on-deck circle, has NEVER proven to increase bat speed or batting average at the plate. Many studies have demonstrated the opposite.
If you want to increase your bat speed at the plate, then warm up with a LIGHTER bat. Some studies say anywhere from 10 to 15% lighter than your game bat.
The data isn’t clear as to why warming up with a heavier bat might slow down your bat velocity at the plate. Some suggest that a heavier bat changes your swing plane and, therefore, warming up with it right before you grab your game bat does nothing for you. Others suggest the slower bat doesn’t acclimate your fast-twitch muscles to maximum speed.
In any event, the data suggest you should never warm up with a heavier bat. But, instead, warm up with a lighter bat. We’d suggest, based on this data set, you warm up with a bat one inch below what you usually use. So, if you swing a 32/22, then find a 31/21 to get warm in the on-deck circle.
The data says that bat donuts don’t help in the on-deck circle, at least in terms of bat speed at the plate. We assume that while an MLB game is playing in the background. Without surprise, the on-deck circle is littered with all types of weighted gadgets to make their bats heavier in the on-deck circle.
We don’t get paid millions of dollars to hit a baseball. So, we realize, the advice from lab coat ballplayers should be taken with some salt. But, again, we can’t find a single study that says weighing down a bat in the on-deck circle is useful— it might be harmful.
When you take BP, have it look like this. Repeat this five times for a total of 150 swings. Heavy and light bats can be as little as 12% +/-. Some studies showed them as much as 100% heavier.
Another scientifically proven way to hit the ball further is resistance training through under-weighted and over-weighted bats. The data shows that a batting practice drill, as described below, will increase bat speed by 10% on average over 12 weeks.
This process is simple enough, even though a few have made it more complicated than it needs to be. In short, find a bat that is around 12% lighter and one that is 12% heavier than your game bat. This is usually just one inch bigger and one inch smaller of the same drop. (Some studies used bats up to 100% heavier and 50% lighter. All of the studies showed improvement).
Hitting the ball further is directly correlated to how fast your bat is moving. If you can increase your bat speed by 10% over 12 weeks, then you can expect to hit the ball 10% further and a 10% greater chance of getting it out of the park.
What science Says: Despite what your high school coach told you, forearm strength does not correlate to better bat speed. Don’t expect big forearms to mean you can hit the ball further. Instead, science has proven that both rotational strength and leg strength are highly correlated with better bat speed. If you want to hit more home runs, work out your major leg muscles once a week and do rotational exercises (like a medicine ball) three times a week. Sources.
The right kind of strength training allows you to hit a ball further. But, of considerable note, forearm strength is NOT correlated with faster bat speed or further hit balls. Hughes et al. studied the forearm strength of collegiate players and found there is no good correlation between more muscular arms and faster hit balls.
That, we are sure, is a surprise to many high school baseball coaches.
Instead, two specific muscle groups correlate with longer hit balls.
Rotational strength is highly correlated with the ability to generate bat speed and, ergo, ball exit speed. If you want to hit more home runs next season, than find a rotational strength training program.
Specifically, Szymanski et al. study the exit speeds of players on a rotational strength program. They found that those who added rotational strength exercises (medicine ball) workouts to their strength training showed considerable increases in bat speed and, hence, exit velocities.
This isn’t that surprising. Although likely much less emphasized in a high school weight room than forearm workouts. Yet, rotational workout programs will help increase exit speeds and create more production at the plate.
In the study, here are the rotational exercises added to their strength training program.
2 Days a week for 12 weeks:
Specific twisting medicine ball exercises were chosen and performed to “mimic the sequential, ballistic, and rotational movements of hitting and throwing a baseball”—using 2 to 6kg medicine balls.
1 Day a week for 12 weeks:
“Other Explosive, whole-body medicine exercises were performed one day a week” on non-leg workout days.
Although forearm strength did NOT increase bat speed, leg strength did. Anyone who knows how to hit won’t be surprised by this. Power comes from your legs. To hit bombs, you need strong legs.
Scientific studies prove this too. An article in the Journal of Strength and Conditioning measured the effect squat, and deadlift maxes had on bat speed. It turns out, if you can increase your squat and deadlift, you will also increase the rate at which you can swing a bat.
There are dozens of ways to increase leg strength. Depending on your familiarity with the gym, the world is your oyster.
A video like this might help too.
So, there you have it. If you want to hit the ball further than the above five, scientifically proven ideas do, in fact, work. But, there is no magic bullet. No particular training program or online service makes you a more potent hitter. Each of them requires practice, and we like the science behind the ideas above.
In other words, if you want to hit the ball further then (1) Learn How to Hit a Curve Ball, (2) Warm Up with a Lighter Bat, (3) Do Underload and Overload Training, (4) Complete a 12-week Rotational Medicine Ball workout and (5) Build Your Legs.
Then, once you’ve worked on those all season, the best BBCOR bat for you will mean just that much more.2019 Little League World Series Bats | 2020 USA Bats »